Fasting of the Ramadan

Require of fasting of the Ramadan
If I want to tell in short, then I will say the fast involves nonparticipation from all food, drink, vain talk, and sexual intercourse for married couples from the time before dawn when the sky becomes light enough to differentiate a black thread from the white thread of the horizon, until after sunset when redness leaves the Eastern half of the sky. Some people are not to able to fast due to age, health, child-bearing conditions, etc., and instead give charity, and/or make up the days of fast they missed at a later time. However, the true spirit of the fast of the month of Ramadan is more than just abstention from a few things. It is a time of sustained, amplified effort toward spiritual perfection. “

Thirst and hunger you undergo, feel and live through, here and now, to bring to your mind the severity and sharpness of the drought and starvation that will be the order of the day on the Day of Judgment.
  • Give alms to the poor and destitute.
  • Take care of and look after your relatives.
  • Treat your parents and elders with respect.
  • Turn repentant to God and seek His nearness.” - Be kind and loving to your children and juniors.
  • Shut your eyes to that which is indecent to have an eye for.
  • Turn a deaf ear to that which is too slanderous to be all ears to.
  • Keep from giving tongue to that which should not even be whispered.
  • Be compassionate, gentle and benign unto orphans so that after you, your children, if need be, receive the same treatment from others.

Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his family 
In addition to fasting and aiming for excellent moral character, Muslims devote as much time and energy as possible in the month of Ramadan toward prayer and supplication to the One and Only God. During some of the nights of this month, Muslims will remain awake the whole night in worship. After the last day of the month of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate Eid ul Fitr to commemorate the completion of the fast. They get together for prayer, food, and modest gift exchange (particularly for children). However, it is a day of mixed feelings, because the most blessed month of Ramadan with all of its opportunities for forgiveness and reward are gone for another year. 
“I take refuge with Thy kindest disposition, O Lord, lest the dawn of this night breaks forth, or the month of Ramadan comes to an end, and I still stand as an accused (unforgiven) sinner, liable to be punished, on the Day I am presented before Thee.” [From a prayer of the last night of the month of Ramadan, taught by Imam Jafar as-Sadiq, peace be upon him]